The Flipped Classroom, Mastery Model, & Education Perfect: A perfect combination

Author: Kelly Hollis
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EdTech Café is a podcast series produced by the educational technology team at Stanford Medicine.

The flipped classroom model has been identified as a pedagogical pathway for teachers to follow to move toward more powerful learning and teaching strategies by leveraging the technology that is emerging to deliver lessons (Bergmann & Sams, 2014). The flipped classroom is an active, student-centred approach that was formed to increase the quality of face to face time spent in classrooms (Ozdamli & Asiksoy, 2016).

Flipped
learning allows teachers to provide their students with the following:

  • Flexible learning
    environments
    : where they are able to implement a variety of learning models,
    physically rearrange the learning space (as well as the digital learning space)
    and provide students with a choice of when and where they want to access the
    information needed.
  • Learning culture shift: the culture in the
    classroom changes from a teacher-centred to a student-centred approach where
    the teacher goes from the ‘sage on the stage’ to the ‘guide on the side’
  • Intentional content: the flipped classroom
    needs a teacher who is able to evaluate what content needs to be taught
    directly versus the content that can be explored outside the classroom. This
    will maximise classroom time to allow students to explore other learning
    strategies such as PBL and peer-instruction
  • Professional educators: teachers need to be
    reflective and collaborative when implementing the flipped classroom model. The
    role of the teacher shifts from one of content delivery to one where they
    mentor the students

(Hamdan, McKnight, McKnight &
Arfstrom, 2013)

The
implementation of a flipped classroom model also allows educators to shift the
lower end of Bloom’s taxonomy out of the classroom (Sams & Bergmann, 2013),
allowing them to be present with their students while they are facing more
difficult activities. By completing a range of easily achievable activities at
home, students interact with the ‘remember and understand’ levels of Bloom’s outside
the classroom without their teacher, reserving time spent in class for the
higher order levels of thinking including creating, evaluating, analysing and
applying (See & Conry, 2014). These activities usually take a longer period
of time to complete and often require the support and input of the classroom
teacher. The ‘traditional’ classroom model sees students often take notes from
the board or read information before completing project tasks at home. Flipping
this process allows for those higher order activities to be explored where
students feel safe and supported. Subjects that consist of educational content
that falls within these lower levels of Bloom’s taxonomy are those that may
benefit the most from a shift towards the flipped classroom model of teaching
(Sams & Bergmann, 2013).

Flipped model

With the advances in technology occurring all the time, educators are in possession of a paradigm-shifting toolbox that will help them to change the shape of education and enhance the student learning experience (Albert & Beatty, 2014). The wide range of technology available to educators today enable them to provide students with access to more advanced content, the tools for constructing and sharing created products as well as opportunity to develop critical and creative thinking skills (Siegle, 2013).

For those who are looking to explore flipping their classroom, Education Perfect is one tool that provides teachers with an online learning and assessment platform for Languages, English, Maths, Science and Humanities. The platform includes content to suit the Australian Curriculum, as well as the state specific syllabus from NSW and Victoria.

Education
Perfect has been designed to focus on mastery and customized learning. It
supports learner-centered approaches where each student is able to work at his
or her appropriate level and pace based on their actual existing skills and
knowledge. 

Education Perfect allows teachers to easily assign students work to complete before they arrive to class. This introduces concepts to the students outside of the classroom space, a concept that aligns with the flipped classroom model. The Smart Lessons produced by the Education Perfect Content Team introduce the concepts to students in a variety of ways, including simple text with keywords highlighted, short videos or a combination of both. After students have been introduced to the content, the platform assesses their understanding of this through a range of question types. A cycle of content learning and assessment continues until the lesson is finished, however, students are only able to move forward once they have mastered each section.

The
mastery-approach to education has been linked to higher intrinsic motivation
and enjoyment, positive affect, engagement, deep learning, and persistence in
students (Simon, et. al., 2015).

It
has been found that when students realise that it is the process that helps
them to build their understanding and expertise in a particular field that they
are studying, they are more willing to put the extra effort into their learning
(Cushman, 2015). The Education Perfect platform helps to enhance this process
by adding an element of gamification by awarding the students points for
completing activities, which place them onto a school wide and global
scoreboard. By introducing the idea of games and point scoring into these kinds
of activities, students may be more willing to share their expertise as it is
an area that they are passionate and motivated about. This is evident as when
the students become passionate, they will be inspired to play and then go
discuss, modify, research and explicate everything about the game that they are
playing with others (Gee, 2012)

Before
arriving to class, teachers are able to analyse the detailed data provided by
the platform to understand how the students have interacted with this material.
This will help to guide the teacher on how to start the lesson where the
students will be further exploring this content. Through the mastery model,
most students should have been able to develop a grasp of the content by
completing the Smart Lesson and therefore the class should be able to
participate in activities that allow much deeper understanding of the concepts
being covered.

After
introducing the flipped classroom model, class time is now able to involve more
problem solving, creation and investigation – whether it be in practical work
or research activities – with the students working with their teacher as a
mentor rather than provider. Collaboration and group work become with norm with
the whole class working together towards the common goal of improving the
outcomes of all students in the class.

All teachers are able to sign up for a free teacher login by visiting Education Perfect.

Albert, M.,
& Beatty, B. J. (2014). Flipping the Classroom Applications to Curriculum
Redesign for an Introduction to Management Course: Impact on Grades. Journal Of Education for Business, 89(8), 419–424.

Bergmann, J.,
& Sams, A. (2014). Flipped learning: gateway to student engagement: there’s
more to flipped learning than just asking students to watch videos at home and
complete worksheets in class. Find out how to use the flipped model to take
your teaching – and your students – to new places. Learning & Leading With Technology, 41(7), 18.

Cushman, K., & The, S. O. W. K. C.
(2010). Fires in the mind : what kids can
tell us about motivation and mastery
.

Gee, J. P.
(2005). Good video games and good learning. Phi
Kappap Phi Forum,
85(2), 33-37.

Hadman, N., McKnight, P., McKnight, K.,
& Arfstrom, K. (2013). A white paper
based on the literature review titled A Review of Flipped Learning
.
Washington D.C.: Flipped Learning Network.

Ozdamli, F.,
& Asiksoy, G. (2016). Flipped Classroom Approach. World Journal On Educational Technology, 8(2), 98. http://dx.doi.org/10.18844/wjet.v8i2.640

Sams, A.,
& Bergmann, J. (2013). Flip Your Students’ Learning. Educational Leadership, 3,
16-20.

See, S., &
Conry, J. M. (2014). Flip My Class! A faculty development demonstration of a
flipped-classroom. Currents In Pharmacy
Teaching and Learning
, 6(4),
585–588. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cptl.2014.03.003

Siegle, D.
(2013). Technology: Differentiating Instruction by Flipping the Classroom. Gifted Child Today, 37(1), 51–55.

Simon, R., Aulls, M., Dedic, H., Hubbard, K. and
Hall, N. (2015). Exploring Student Persistence in STEM Programs: A Motivational
Model. Canadian Journal of Education,
38(1).

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